a) if you can run sudo certbot only then you should have terminal access to your web server if you don’t know this then you need to review what you are running certbot only in
b) looking at your OS are you running certbot on your personal laptop?
c) it looks like you have apache
d) if you are using cpanel you should be able to use one of their plugins. https://documentation.cpanel.net/display/CKB/The+Let's+Encrypt+Plugin
e) contact your hosting provider to confirm if you have SSH access or google your hosting provider and see if they provide it
If GoDaddy is your provider you can follow the instructions here: https://ph.godaddy.com/help/enable-ssh-16102
Once you have SSH access which answers the question below you should be able to either install the cPanel plugin or to install certbot.
I can login to a root shell on my machine (yes or no, or I don’t know): i don’t know
there is also a nice step by step article once you get the above sorted
Note: i suspect that you are not using the command in the link as the apache plugin should figure out what domains you have installed.
All this stuff is something that needs to be figured out before trying to ask for help or trying to issue a certificate otherwise you end up going round in circles