$ brew install certbot gives 'Command not Found'


#1

Hi there,
I’m not too familiar with how the command line works but I am trying to generate a certificate using Certbot on Terminal. I have Shell access on cpanel. I followed the instructions and all was well until I entered $ brew install certbot and got the result -bash: $: command not found
I then looked around and someone suggested typing “brew install letsencrypt” which I did and which generated a ream of information which I don’t understand. I don’t know where to go from here? Can anyone help please?

To give required information:

The domain is billykissanemeats.ie (haven’t been required to specify that anywhere though)

Command line run: /usr/bin/ruby -e “$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)”

Full copy and paste from Terminal:

==> This script will install:
/usr/local/bin/brew
/usr/local/share/doc/homebrew
/usr/local/share/man/man1/brew.1
/usr/local/share/zsh/site-functions/_brew
/usr/local/etc/bash_completion.d/brew
/usr/local/Homebrew
==> The following existing directories will be made group writable:
/usr/local/bin
/usr/local/lib
/usr/local/sbin
/usr/local/share
/usr/local/share/man
/usr/local/share/man/man1
==> The following existing directories will have their owner set to noelleleahy:
/usr/local/bin
/usr/local/lib
/usr/local/sbin
/usr/local/share
/usr/local/share/man
/usr/local/share/man/man1
==> The following existing directories will have their group set to admin:
/usr/local/bin
/usr/local/lib
/usr/local/sbin
/usr/local/share
/usr/local/share/man
/usr/local/share/man/man1
==> The following new directories will be created:
/usr/local/Cellar
/usr/local/Homebrew
/usr/local/Frameworks
/usr/local/etc
/usr/local/include
/usr/local/opt
/usr/local/share/zsh
/usr/local/share/zsh/site-functions
/usr/local/var

Press RETURN to continue or any other key to abort
==> /usr/bin/sudo /bin/chmod g+rwx /usr/local/bin /usr/local/lib /usr/local/sbin /usr/local/share /usr/local/share/man /usr/local/share/man/man1
Password:
==> /usr/bin/sudo /usr/sbin/chown noelleleahy /usr/local/bin /usr/local/lib /usr/local/sbin /usr/local/share /usr/local/share/man /usr/local/share/man/man1
==> /usr/bin/sudo /usr/bin/chgrp admin /usr/local/bin /usr/local/lib /usr/local/sbin /usr/local/share /usr/local/share/man /usr/local/share/man/man1
==> /usr/bin/sudo /bin/mkdir -p /usr/local/Cellar /usr/local/Homebrew /usr/local/Frameworks /usr/local/etc /usr/local/include /usr/local/opt /usr/local/share/zsh /usr/local/share/zsh/site-functions /usr/local/var
==> /usr/bin/sudo /bin/chmod g+rwx /usr/local/Cellar /usr/local/Homebrew /usr/local/Frameworks /usr/local/etc /usr/local/include /usr/local/opt /usr/local/share/zsh /usr/local/share/zsh/site-functions /usr/local/var
==> /usr/bin/sudo /bin/chmod 755 /usr/local/share/zsh /usr/local/share/zsh/site-functions
==> /usr/bin/sudo /usr/sbin/chown noelleleahy /usr/local/Cellar /usr/local/Homebrew /usr/local/Frameworks /usr/local/etc /usr/local/include /usr/local/opt /usr/local/share/zsh /usr/local/share/zsh/site-functions /usr/local/var
==> /usr/bin/sudo /usr/bin/chgrp admin /usr/local/Cellar /usr/local/Homebrew /usr/local/Frameworks /usr/local/etc /usr/local/include /usr/local/opt /usr/local/share/zsh /usr/local/share/zsh/site-functions /usr/local/var
==> /usr/bin/sudo /bin/mkdir -p /Users/noelleleahy/Library/Caches/Homebrew
==> /usr/bin/sudo /bin/chmod g+rwx /Users/noelleleahy/Library/Caches/Homebrew
==> /usr/bin/sudo /usr/sbin/chown noelleleahy /Users/noelleleahy/Library/Caches/Homebrew
==> /usr/bin/sudo /bin/mkdir -p /Library/Caches/Homebrew
==> /usr/bin/sudo /bin/chmod g+rwx /Library/Caches/Homebrew
==> /usr/bin/sudo /usr/sbin/chown noelleleahy /Library/Caches/Homebrew
==> Searching online for the Command Line Tools
==> /usr/bin/sudo /usr/bin/touch /tmp/.com.apple.dt.CommandLineTools.installondemand.in-progress
==> Installing Command Line Tools (macOS Sierra version 10.12) for Xcode-8.1
==> /usr/bin/sudo /usr/sbin/softwareupdate -i Command\ Line\ Tools\ (macOS\ Sierra\ version\ 10.12)\ for\ Xcode-8.1
Software Update Tool
Copyright 2002-2015 Apple Inc.

Downloading Command Line Tools (macOS Sierra version 10.12) for Xcode
$ brew install certbot

Downloaded Command Line Tools (macOS Sierra version 10.12) for Xcode
Installing Command Line Tools (macOS Sierra version 10.12) for Xcode
Done with Command Line Tools (macOS Sierra version 10.12) for Xcode
Done.
==> /usr/bin/sudo /bin/rm -f /tmp/.com.apple.dt.CommandLineTools.installondemand.in-progress
==> /usr/bin/sudo /usr/bin/xcode-select --switch /Library/Developer/CommandLineTools
==> Downloading and installing Homebrew…
remote: Counting objects: 4145, done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (2756/2756), done.
remote: Total 4145 (delta 2104), reused 2666 (delta 1242), pack-reused 0
Receiving objects: 100% (4145/4145), 2.42 MiB | 756.00 KiB/s, done.
Resolving deltas: 100% (2104/2104), done.
From https://github.com/Homebrew/brew

  • [new branch] master -> origin/master
  • [new tag] 0.1 -> 0.1
  • [new tag] 0.2 -> 0.2
  • [new tag] 0.3 -> 0.3
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  • [new tag] 0.7 -> 0.7
  • [new tag] 0.7.1 -> 0.7.1
  • [new tag] 0.8 -> 0.8
  • [new tag] 0.8.1 -> 0.8.1
  • [new tag] 0.9 -> 0.9
  • [new tag] 0.9.1 -> 0.9.1
  • [new tag] 0.9.2 -> 0.9.2
  • [new tag] 0.9.3 -> 0.9.3
  • [new tag] 0.9.4 -> 0.9.4
  • [new tag] 0.9.5 -> 0.9.5
  • [new tag] 0.9.8 -> 0.9.8
  • [new tag] 0.9.9 -> 0.9.9
  • [new tag] 1.0.0 -> 1.0.0
  • [new tag] 1.0.1 -> 1.0.1
  • [new tag] 1.0.2 -> 1.0.2
  • [new tag] 1.0.3 -> 1.0.3
  • [new tag] 1.0.4 -> 1.0.4
  • [new tag] 1.0.5 -> 1.0.5
  • [new tag] 1.0.6 -> 1.0.6
  • [new tag] 1.0.7 -> 1.0.7
  • [new tag] 1.0.8 -> 1.0.8
  • [new tag] 1.0.9 -> 1.0.9
  • [new tag] 1.1.0 -> 1.1.0
  • [new tag] 1.1.1 -> 1.1.1
  • [new tag] 1.1.2 -> 1.1.2
    HEAD is now at 0f529da Merge pull request #1573 from sorin-ionescu/fix-xcode-version-comparison
    ==> Tapping homebrew/core
    Cloning into ‘/usr/local/Homebrew/Library/Taps/homebrew/homebrew-core’…
    remote: Counting objects: 3769, done.
    remote: Compressing objects: 100% (3658/3658), done.
    remote: Total 3769 (delta 14), reused 303 (delta 1), pack-reused 0
    Receiving objects: 100% (3769/3769), 3.01 MiB | 887.00 KiB/s, done.
    Resolving deltas: 100% (14/14), done.
    Checking connectivity… done.
    Tapped 3647 formulae (3,796 files, 9.3M)
    ==> Cleaning up /Library/Caches/Homebrew…
    ==> Migrating /Library/Caches/Homebrew to /Users/noelleleahy/Library/Caches/Home
    ==> Deleting /Library/Caches/Homebrew…
    Already up-to-date.
    ==> Installation successful!

==> Homebrew has enabled anonymous aggregate user behaviour analytics.
Read the analytics documentation (and how to opt-out) here:
https://git.io/brew-analytics

==> Next steps:

  • Run brew help to get started
  • Further documentation:
    https://git.io/brew-docs
    Noelles-MacBook-Pro:~ noelleleahy$
    Noelles-MacBook-Pro:~ noelleleahy$ $ brew install certbot
    -bash: $: command not found
    Noelles-MacBook-Pro:~ noelleleahy$ $ brew install certbot
    -bash: $: command not found
    Noelles-MacBook-Pro:~ noelleleahy$ $ brew install certbot
    -bash: $: command not found
    Noelles-MacBook-Pro:~ noelleleahy$ brew help
    Example usage:
    brew search [TEXT|/REGEX/]
    brew (info|home|options) [FORMULA…]
    brew install FORMULA…
    brew update
    brew upgrade [FORMULA…]
    brew uninstall FORMULA…
    brew list [FORMULA…]

Troubleshooting:
brew config
brew doctor
brew install -vd FORMULA

Developers:
brew create [URL [–no-fetch]]
brew edit [FORMULA…]
https://github.com/Homebrew/brew/blob/master/docs/Formula-Cookbook.md

Further help:
man brew
brew help [COMMAND]
brew home
Noelles-MacBook-Pro:~ noelleleahy$ $ brew install certbot
-bash: $: command not found
Noelles-MacBook-Pro:~ noelleleahy$ $ certbot --apache
-bash: $: command not found
Noelles-MacBook-Pro:~ noelleleahy$ $ brew install certbot
-bash: $: command not found
Noelles-MacBook-Pro:~ noelleleahy$ $ brew install CERTBOT
-bash: $: command not found
Noelles-MacBook-Pro:~ noelleleahy$ brew install letsencrypt
==> Installing dependencies for certbot: readline, sqlite, gdbm, openssl, python, libxml2, augeas, dialog, openssl@1.1
==> Installing certbot dependency: readline
==> Downloading https://homebrew.bintray.com/bottles/readline-7.0.sierra.bottle.
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> Pouring readline-7.0.sierra.bottle.tar.gz
==> Caveats
This formula is keg-only, which means it was not symlinked into /usr/local.

macOS provides the BSD libedit library, which shadows libreadline.
In order to prevent conflicts when programs look for libreadline we are
defaulting this GNU Readline installation to keg-only.

Generally there are no consequences of this for you. If you build your
own software and it requires this formula, you’ll need to add to your
build variables:

LDFLAGS:  -L/usr/local/opt/readline/lib
CPPFLAGS: -I/usr/local/opt/readline/include

==> Summary
:beer: /usr/local/Cellar/readline/7.0: 45 files, 2M
==> Installing certbot dependency: sqlite
==> Downloading https://homebrew.bintray.com/bottles/sqlite-3.15.2.sierra.bottle
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> Pouring sqlite-3.15.2.sierra.bottle.tar.gz
==> Caveats
This formula is keg-only, which means it was not symlinked into /usr/local.

macOS provides an older sqlite3.

Generally there are no consequences of this for you. If you build your
own software and it requires this formula, you’ll need to add to your
build variables:

LDFLAGS:  -L/usr/local/opt/sqlite/lib
CPPFLAGS: -I/usr/local/opt/sqlite/include

==> Summary
:beer: /usr/local/Cellar/sqlite/3.15.2: 11 files, 2.9M
==> Installing certbot dependency: gdbm
==> Downloading https://homebrew.bintray.com/bottles/gdbm-1.12.sierra.bottle.tar
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> Pouring gdbm-1.12.sierra.bottle.tar.gz
:beer: /usr/local/Cellar/gdbm/1.12: 18 files, 486.8K
==> Installing certbot dependency: openssl
==> Downloading https://homebrew.bintray.com/bottles/openssl-1.0.2j.sierra.bottl
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> Pouring openssl-1.0.2j.sierra.bottle.tar.gz
==> Using the sandbox
==> Caveats
A CA file has been bootstrapped using certificates from the SystemRoots
keychain. To add additional certificates (e.g. the certificates added in
the System keychain), place .pem files in
/usr/local/etc/openssl/certs

and run
/usr/local/opt/openssl/bin/c_rehash

This formula is keg-only, which means it was not symlinked into /usr/local.

Apple has deprecated use of OpenSSL in favor of its own TLS and crypto libraries

Generally there are no consequences of this for you. If you build your
own software and it requires this formula, you’ll need to add to your
build variables:

LDFLAGS:  -L/usr/local/opt/openssl/lib
CPPFLAGS: -I/usr/local/opt/openssl/include

==> Summary
:beer: /usr/local/Cellar/openssl/1.0.2j: 1,695 files, 12M
==> Installing certbot dependency: python
==> Downloading https://homebrew.bintray.com/bottles/python-2.7.12_2.sierra.bott
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> Pouring python-2.7.12_2.sierra.bottle.tar.gz
==> /usr/local/Cellar/python/2.7.12_2/bin/python -s setup.py --no-user-cfg insta
==> /usr/local/Cellar/python/2.7.12_2/bin/python -s setup.py --no-user-cfg insta
==> /usr/local/Cellar/python/2.7.12_2/bin/python -s setup.py --no-user-cfg insta
==> Caveats
Pip and setuptools have been installed. To update them
pip install --upgrade pip setuptools

You can install Python packages with
pip install

They will install into the site-package directory
/usr/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages

See: https://github.com/Homebrew/brew/blob/master/docs/Homebrew-and-Python.md

.app bundles were installed.
Run brew linkapps python to symlink these to /Applications.
==> Summary
:beer: /usr/local/Cellar/python/2.7.12_2: 3,477 files, 46.7M
==> Installing certbot dependency: libxml2
==> Downloading https://homebrew.bintray.com/bottles/libxml2-2.9.4.sierra.bottle
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> Pouring libxml2-2.9.4.sierra.bottle.tar.gz
==> Caveats
This formula is keg-only, which means it was not symlinked into /usr/local.

macOS already provides this software and installing another version in
parallel can cause all kinds of trouble.

Generally there are no consequences of this for you. If you build your
own software and it requires this formula, you’ll need to add to your
build variables:

LDFLAGS:  -L/usr/local/opt/libxml2/lib
CPPFLAGS: -I/usr/local/opt/libxml2/include

==> Summary
:beer: /usr/local/Cellar/libxml2/2.9.4: 276 files, 9.8M
==> Installing certbot dependency: augeas
==> Downloading https://homebrew.bintray.com/bottles/augeas-1.7.0.sierra.bottle.
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> Pouring augeas-1.7.0.sierra.bottle.tar.gz
==> Caveats
Lenses have been installed to:
/usr/local/share/augeas/lenses/dist
==> Summary
:beer: /usr/local/Cellar/augeas/1.7.0: 443 files, 3.2M
==> Installing certbot dependency: dialog
==> Downloading https://homebrew.bintray.com/bottles/dialog-1.3-20160209.sierra.
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> Pouring dialog-1.3-20160209.sierra.bottle.tar.gz
:beer: /usr/local/Cellar/dialog/1.3-20160209: 13 files, 816.2K
==> Installing certbot dependency: openssl@1.1
==> Downloading https://homebrew.bintray.com/bottles/openssl@1.1-1.1.0c.sierra.b
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> Pouring openssl@1.1-1.1.0c.sierra.bottle.tar.gz
==> Caveats
A CA file has been bootstrapped using certificates from the system
keychain. To add additional certificates, place .pem files in
/usr/local/etc/openssl@1.1/certs

and run
/usr/local/opt/openssl@1.1/bin/c_rehash

This formula is keg-only, which means it was not symlinked into /usr/local.

Apple has deprecated use of OpenSSL in favor of its own TLS and crypto libraries

Generally there are no consequences of this for you. If you build your
own software and it requires this formula, you’ll need to add to your
build variables:

LDFLAGS:  -L/usr/local/opt/openssl@1.1/lib
CPPFLAGS: -I/usr/local/opt/openssl@1.1/include

==> Summary
:beer: /usr/local/Cellar/openssl@1.1/1.1.0c: 6,225 files, 15.3M
==> Installing certbot
==> Downloading https://homebrew.bintray.com/bottles/certbot-0.9.3_1.sierra.bott
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> Pouring certbot-0.9.3_1.sierra.bottle.tar.gz
:beer: /usr/local/Cellar/certbot/0.9.3_1: 1,980 files, 14M
Noelles-MacBook-Pro:~ noelleleahy$ $ certbot --apache
-bash: $: command not found
Noelles-MacBook-Pro:~ noelleleahy$ $ brew install certbot
-bash: $: command not found
Noelles-MacBook-Pro:~ noelleleahy$

Name and version of operating system and web server:
MacOS 10.12.1
server: Apache (I assume this is the web server where domain is hosted? If so, yes it is Apache)

Type of hosting provider: Regoster365, via cpanel (I have Shell access)

Thanks in advance.


#2

Don’t include the “$” at the front of the command. This is just a way of saying “at the prompt use …” so;

certbot --apache

rather than

$ certbot --apache


#3

Thank you for that serverco, I did as you suggested and all went fine until I entered certbot --apache and got the following:

The following error was encountered:
[Errno 13] Permission denied: '/etc/letsencrypt’
If running as non-root, set --config-dir, --logs-dir, and --work-dir to writeable paths.
Noelles-MacBook-Pro:~ noelleleahy$

Any ideas?


#4

You can either run your terminal as root (administrator) or use “sudo” in front of the command, i.e.

sudo certbot --apache


#5

Thanks for that, I got through that command and I entered the domain but it just isn’t happening for me, there seems to be an error. I wonder from the result below, do I need to add a DNS A record for IP address 195.7.226.80:443? Here it is:

Failed authorization procedure. billykissanemeats.ie (tls-sni-01): urn:acme:error:unauthorized :: The client lacks sufficient authorization :: Incorrect validation certificate for TLS-SNI-01 challenge. Requested 7d6aa13227994db3fafcaccc63a1b269.a0a0d7c6579ed3521653e5c060148cda.acme.invalid from 195.7.226.80:443. Received certificate containing ‘www.billykissanemeats.ie, billykissanemeats.ie

IMPORTANT NOTES:

  • If you lose your account credentials, you can recover through
    e-mails sent to noelle@insignisweb.com.

  • The following errors were reported by the server:

    Domain: billykissanemeats.ie
    Type: unauthorized
    Detail: Incorrect validation certificate for TLS-SNI-01 challenge.
    Requested
    7d6aa13227994db3fafcaccc63a1b269.a0a0d7c6579ed3521653e5c060148cda.acme.invalid
    from 195.7.226.80:443. Received certificate containing
    www.billykissanemeats.ie, billykissanemeats.ie

    To fix these errors, please make sure that your domain name was
    entered correctly and the DNS A record(s) for that domain
    contain(s) the right IP address.

  • Your account credentials have been saved in your Certbot
    configuration directory at /etc/letsencrypt. You should make a
    secure backup of this folder now. This configuration directory will
    also contain certificates and private keys obtained by Certbot so
    making regular backups of this folder is ideal.
    Noelles-MacBook-Pro:~ noelleleahy$


#6

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