[Solved] Apache Mac with certbot not installed

I installed a certificate to my apache server (eospict.com), using certbot. It was all verified correctly, so i followed this guide (https://certbot.eff.org/docs/using.html#apache) to add them to my apache configuration. I’m running Mac v10.12.4

My httpd.conf file contains the following, indicating ssl is being handled by the httpd-ssl.conf file:

Secure (SSL/TLS) connections

# XAMPP Include etc/extra/httpd-ssl.conf

And here is my full httpd-ssl.conf file:

This is the Apache server configuration file providing SSL support.

It contains the configuration directives to instruct the server how to

serve pages over an https connection. For detailed information about these

directives see URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/trunk/mod/mod_ssl.html

Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding

what they do. They’re here only as hints or reminders. If you are unsure

consult the online docs. You have been warned.

Required modules: mod_log_config, mod_setenvif, mod_ssl,

socache_shmcb_module (for default value of SSLSessionCache)

Pseudo Random Number Generator (PRNG):

Configure one or more sources to seed the PRNG of the SSL library.

The seed data should be of good random quality.

WARNING! On some platforms /dev/random blocks if not enough entropy

is available. This means you then cannot use the /dev/random device

because it would lead to very long connection times (as long as

it requires to make more entropy available). But usually those

platforms additionally provide a /dev/urandom device which doesn’t

block. So, if available, use this one instead. Read the mod_ssl User

Manual for more details.

#SSLRandomSeed startup file:/dev/random 512
#SSLRandomSeed startup file:/dev/urandom 512
#SSLRandomSeed connect file:/dev/random 512
#SSLRandomSeed connect file:/dev/urandom 512

When we also provide SSL we have to listen to the

standard HTTP port (see above) and to the HTTPS port

Note: Configurations that use IPv6 but not IPv4-mapped addresses need two

Listen directives: “Listen [::]:443” and “Listen”

Listen 443

SSL Global Context

All SSL configuration in this context applies both to

the main server and all SSL-enabled virtual hosts.

SSL Cipher Suite:

List the ciphers that the client is permitted to negotiate.

See the mod_ssl documentation for a complete list.


Speed-optimized SSL Cipher configuration:

If speed is your main concern (on busy HTTPS servers e.g.),

you might want to force clients to specific, performance

optimized ciphers. In this case, prepend those ciphers

to the SSLCipherSuite list, and enable SSLHonorCipherOrder.

Caveat: by giving precedence to RC4-SHA and AES128-SHA

(as in the example below), most connections will no longer

have perfect forward secrecy - if the server’s key is

compromised, captures of past or future traffic must be

considered compromised, too.

#SSLHonorCipherOrder on

Pass Phrase Dialog:

Configure the pass phrase gathering process.

The filtering dialog program (`builtin’ is an internal

terminal dialog) has to provide the pass phrase on stdout.

SSLPassPhraseDialog builtin

Inter-Process Session Cache:

Configure the SSL Session Cache: First the mechanism

to use and second the expiring timeout (in seconds).

#SSLSessionCache "dbm:/Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/logs/ssl_scache"
SSLSessionCache "shmcb:/Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/logs/ssl_scache(512000)"
SSLSessionCacheTimeout 300

SSL Virtual Host Context

<VirtualHost *:443>

General setup for the virtual host

DocumentRoot "/Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/htdocs"
ServerName eospict.com
ServerAdmin eospict.com@gmail.com
ErrorLog "/Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/logs/error_log"
TransferLog “/Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/logs/access_log”

SSL Engine Switch:

Enable/Disable SSL for this virtual host.

SSLEngine on

Server Certificate:

Point SSLCertificateFile at a PEM encoded certificate. If

the certificate is encrypted, then you will be prompted for a

pass phrase. Note that a kill -HUP will prompt again. Keep

in mind that if you have both an RSA and a DSA certificate you

can configure both in parallel (to also allow the use of DSA

ciphers, etc.)

Some ECC cipher suites (http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4492.txt)

require an ECC certificate which can also be configured in


SSLCertificateFile “/private/etc/letsencrypt/live/eospict.com/cert.pem”
#SSLCertificateFile “/Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/etc/server-dsa.crt”
#SSLCertificateFile “/Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/etc/server-ecc.crt”

Server Private Key:

If the key is not combined with the certificate, use this

directive to point at the key file. Keep in mind that if

you’ve both a RSA and a DSA private key you can configure

both in parallel (to also allow the use of DSA ciphers, etc.)

ECC keys, when in use, can also be configured in parallel

SSLCertificateKeyFile “/private/etc/letsencrypt/live/eospict.com/privkey.pem”
#SSLCertificateKeyFile “/Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/etc/server-dsa.key”
#SSLCertificateKeyFile “/Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/etc/server-ecc.key”

Server Certificate Chain:

Point SSLCertificateChainFile at a file containing the

concatenation of PEM encoded CA certificates which form the

certificate chain for the server certificate. Alternatively

the referenced file can be the same as SSLCertificateFile

when the CA certificates are directly appended to the server

certificate for convenience.

SSLCertificateChainFile “/private/etc/letsencrypt/live/eospict.com/chain.pem”

Certificate Authority (CA):

Set the CA certificate verification path where to find CA

certificates for client authentication or alternatively one

huge file containing all of them (file must be PEM encoded)

Note: Inside SSLCACertificatePath you need hash symlinks

to point to the certificate files. Use the provided

Makefile to update the hash symlinks after changes.

#SSLCACertificatePath “/Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/etc/ssl.crt”
#SSLCACertificateFile “/Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/etc/ssl.crt/ca-bundle.crt”

Certificate Revocation Lists (CRL):

Set the CA revocation path where to find CA CRLs for client

authentication or alternatively one huge file containing all

of them (file must be PEM encoded).

The CRL checking mode needs to be configured explicitly

through SSLCARevocationCheck (defaults to “none” otherwise).

Note: Inside SSLCARevocationPath you need hash symlinks

to point to the certificate files. Use the provided

Makefile to update the hash symlinks after changes.

#SSLCARevocationPath “/Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/etc/ssl.crl”
#SSLCARevocationFile “/Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/etc/ssl.crl/ca-bundle.crl”
#SSLCARevocationCheck chain

Client Authentication (Type):

Client certificate verification type and depth. Types are

none, optional, require and optional_no_ca. Depth is a

number which specifies how deeply to verify the certificate

issuer chain before deciding the certificate is not valid.

#SSLVerifyClient require
#SSLVerifyDepth 10

Access Control:

With SSLRequire you can do per-directory access control based

on arbitrary complex boolean expressions containing server

variable checks and other lookup directives. The syntax is a

mixture between C and Perl. See the mod_ssl documentation

for more details.

#SSLRequire ( %{SSL_CIPHER} !~ m/^(EXP|NULL)/ \

and %{SSL_CLIENT_S_DN_O} eq “Snake Oil, Ltd.” \

and %{SSL_CLIENT_S_DN_OU} in {“Staff”, “CA”, “Dev”} \

and %{TIME_WDAY} >= 1 and %{TIME_WDAY} <= 5 \

and %{TIME_HOUR} >= 8 and %{TIME_HOUR} <= 20 ) \

or %{REMOTE_ADDR} =~ m/^192.76.162.[0-9]+$/


SSL Engine Options:

Set various options for the SSL engine.

o FakeBasicAuth:

Translate the client X.509 into a Basic Authorisation. This means that

the standard Auth/DBMAuth methods can be used for access control. The

user name is the `one line’ version of the client’s X.509 certificate.

Note that no password is obtained from the user. Every entry in the user

file needs this password: `xxj31ZMTZzkVA’.

o ExportCertData:

This exports two additional environment variables: SSL_CLIENT_CERT and

SSL_SERVER_CERT. These contain the PEM-encoded certificates of the

server (always existing) and the client (only existing when client

authentication is used). This can be used to import the certificates

into CGI scripts.

o StdEnvVars:

This exports the standard SSL/TLS related `SSL_*’ environment variables.

Per default this exportation is switched off for performance reasons,

because the extraction step is an expensive operation and is usually

useless for serving static content. So one usually enables the

exportation for CGI and SSI requests only.

o StrictRequire:

This denies access when “SSLRequireSSL” or “SSLRequire” applied even

under a “Satisfy any” situation, i.e. when it applies access is denied

and no other module can change it.

o OptRenegotiate:

This enables optimized SSL connection renegotiation handling when SSL

directives are used in per-directory context.

#SSLOptions +FakeBasicAuth +ExportCertData +StrictRequire
<FilesMatch “.(cgi|shtml|phtml|php)$”>
SSLOptions +StdEnvVars

<Directory “/Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/cgi-bin”>
SSLOptions +StdEnvVars

SSL Protocol Adjustments:

The safe and default but still SSL/TLS standard compliant shutdown

approach is that mod_ssl sends the close notify alert but doesn’t wait for

the close notify alert from client. When you need a different shutdown

approach you can use one of the following variables:

o ssl-unclean-shutdown:

This forces an unclean shutdown when the connection is closed, i.e. no

SSL close notify alert is sent or allowed to be received. This violates

the SSL/TLS standard but is needed for some brain-dead browsers. Use

this when you receive I/O errors because of the standard approach where

mod_ssl sends the close notify alert.

o ssl-accurate-shutdown:

This forces an accurate shutdown when the connection is closed, i.e. a

SSL close notify alert is send and mod_ssl waits for the close notify

alert of the client. This is 100% SSL/TLS standard compliant, but in

practice often causes hanging connections with brain-dead browsers. Use

this only for browsers where you know that their SSL implementation

works correctly.

Notice: Most problems of broken clients are also related to the HTTP

keep-alive facility, so you usually additionally want to disable

keep-alive for those clients, too. Use variable “nokeepalive” for this.

Similarly, one has to force some clients to use HTTP/1.0 to workaround

their broken HTTP/1.1 implementation. Use variables “downgrade-1.0” and

“force-response-1.0” for this.

BrowserMatch “MSIE [2-5]”
nokeepalive ssl-unclean-shutdown
downgrade-1.0 force-response-1.0

Per-Server Logging:

The home of a custom SSL log file. Use this when you want a

compact non-error SSL logfile on a virtual host basis.

CustomLog “/Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/logs/ssl_request_log”
“%t %h %{SSL_PROTOCOL}x %{SSL_CIPHER}x “%r” %b”

The port 443 is forwarded to my machine yet my browser (Chrome 64.0.3282.167) gives the following message: This site can’t provide a secure connection eospict.com sent an invalid response.

Could anyone tell my what’s wrong, or give me a pointer as to a step I could have missed in the installation of my certificates.

Thank you

The site is running HTTP on port 443. This works:


It’s likely caused by:

  • Apache configuration is missing “SSLEngine on”.
  • Apache getting confused about the virtual hosts.
  • Port forwarding port 443 to port 80.

I’m not very good at Apache configuration, but can you double check the port forwarding?

Thank you for you reply, I checked all of the things listed and to be safe moved all of the SSL configuration into the httpd.conf file and it is now working.

Please take a look at post : [Solved] Mac XAMPP certificate install

I should have posted it on this thread.

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