There are several issues:
- Using ./letsencrypt-auto certonly --webroot can I set a different directory other than .well-known/acme-challenge for domain validation ?
- What are the limits on the number of certificates ip, domain and sub-domains?
We are hosting and would like to offer their customers automatically install certificates from your system.
Sincerely, Eugene Lozin.
The requested path will always be
http://example.org/.well-known/acme-challenge/random_token for validating
--webroot specifies the document root for where to create that path.
See public beta rate limits.
I can not change the address on the http://example.org/mydir/mydir2/random_token ?
And what if all requests are redirected to index.php ?
It does not matter whether the LE options for corporate customers to change limits? It would be very convenient for us and other hosting providers.
No if you allow the user to chose the base directory if is more easy to inject the verification file without the knowledge of the domain owner.
Then add an exception for
At least not for the beta. There's some prospect that the limits will be raised after the beta anyhow. Please keep in mind that the limit is per domain according to the public suffix list. So you can only request five certificates for
example.org within seven days, but after you hit that limit you can still request five more for
example.com and so on. Also notice that you can put up to 100 SANs into a single certificate, so you can have a single certificate valid for
foo00.example.org up to
And another question, whether there is a version for testing LE? Let’s say sandbox?
Yes, point the client at
https://acme-staging.api.letsencrypt.org/directory via the
--server option. It will issue invalid certificates but has very high rate limits.
"Rate limit on registrations per IP is currently 10 per 3 hours"
Could you explain to me what it means to the registration in this context?
Do I understand correctly that from one server can send any number of requests, but not more than 5 per domain in week?
ACME has roughly three steps:
1.) Register an account. This is effectively just associating a public key with an email address. If you would share the keypair of an account to all machines you wouldn’t need to create new accounts, but that’s not really needed as there’s no constraint on how many accounts with the same email address you create.
2.) Validate hostnames. This associates hostnames to an account for which its allowed to issue certificates. The same hostname can be associated to multiple accounts. Here the challenges are used, like creating a file on a webserver or hosting a HTTPS server that responds with self signed certificates for specific names.
3.) Request a certificate for one or more of the successfully validated hostnames. A certificate can be valid for up to 100 hostnames. The certificate is associated to the account in order to send reminder emails and such, but it doesn’t bind a domain or hostname to a specific account either, other accounts can still get a certificate for the same one given they successfully validated it. Renewal is technically the same as this, simply a new certificate is issued.
The 10 registrations per IP per 3 hours limit applies to the first step. Once you have an account keypair successfully submitted you don’t need to do it again. Only successful registrations count into the limit.
In the above I said hostname but really meant FQDN,
example.com are distinct in that point of view. However when it comes to understanding the 5 issuances per domain per 7 days limit, we first need to understand that
example.com have the same domain according to the public suffix list, namely
www.example.org has the domain
example.org. The limit prevents you from completing step 3 if there were already 5 certificates containing any hostname with any of the same domains in the current request issued within the last 7 days. Revocation of any of those previous certificates does not lower the count.
So picking up the last example, say you successfully requested 2 certificates for for
example.com, 2 for
example.com and 1 for
www.example.org, you can no longer request a cert for say
example.com exceeded its limit, but you can still request 4 certificates for
example.org, so for example
Many thanks for the help!
Tell me more please verification domain does not require any action by the administrator to pass the challenge?
And what a test is selected for verification ?
I use ./letsencrypt-auto certonly --webroot --text -w /home/z/die/example.ru/public_html -d example.com -d www.example.com to obtain a certificate .
That depends on the client and mode of the client you use. Usually the client should prompt you when you need to take action.
Each mode has a preferred challenge type, but there should be a flag that lets you choose which one to use. The server currently always offers the
http-01 and the
In some cases there is Domain Validation with Server Name Indication ?
It can be required to pass this test when working with --webroot?
It's more validating that you control the host a name points to, but yes.
No, that can't technically make sense.
Passage DNS challenge is also impossible when working with --webroot?
LE did not make me take it?
–dns-01 is still being developed as far as I know
I’d be careful with putting a lot of hosts into certificates since each hostname increases the size of the certificate. The certificate, including all the hosts in it, is transferred in each TLS handshake when a connection is established. If you decide to do this anyway, consider increasing the keepalive value and appropriate values so encrypted sessions can be reused.
http-01 is the only challenge that works by requesting a specifically named file via HTTP. All other challenges don’t do that.
--webroot defines the place where to put those files in order to complete the
http-01 challenge, it makes no sense at all for any other challenge.
And to repeat, the only challenges LE’s ACME server provides are at the moment
dns-01 being worked on but not ready yet.
Thank you all for the help !
Can I order from one server to 100 domains 100 different certificates ? Restrictions on this no?