Bad domain name in SSL certificate

Hi !

I've tried certbot to generate an SSL certificate. I'm running Apache 2.4.53 on Fedora 34 server. Here's the output:
[root@fedora ~]# certbot --apache -d www.loschool.page
Saving debug log to /var/log/letsencrypt/letsencrypt.log
Certificate not yet due for renewal

You have an existing certificate that has exactly the same domains or certificate name you requested and isn't close to expiry.
(ref: /etc/letsencrypt/renewal/www.loschool.page.conf)

What would you like to do?


1: Attempt to reinstall this existing certificate
2: Renew & replace the certificate (may be subject to CA rate limits)


Select the appropriate number [1-2] then [enter] (press 'c' to cancel): 2
Renewing an existing certificate for www.loschool.page

Successfully received certificate.
Certificate is saved at: /etc/letsencrypt/live/www.loschool.page/fullchain.pem
Key is saved at: /etc/letsencrypt/live/www.loschool.page/privkey.pem
This certificate expires on 2022-10-03.
These files will be updated when the certificate renews.
Certbot has set up a scheduled task to automatically renew this certificate in the background.

Deploying certificate
Successfully deployed certificate for www.loschool.page to /etc/httpd/conf.d/vhost-le-ssl.conf
Your existing certificate has been successfully renewed, and the new certificate has been installed.


If you like Certbot, please consider supporting our work by:


[root@fedora ~]# cat /etc/httpd/conf.d/vhost.conf
<VirtualHost *:80>
DocumentRoot "/var/www/loschool/public"
ServerName www.loschool.page
ServerAdmin laurent.delacre@indloverval.be
ErrorLog "logs/myproject-error_log"
CustomLog "logs/myproject-access_log" common
RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{SERVER_NAME} =www.loschool.page
RewriteRule ^ https://%{SERVER_NAME}%{REQUEST_URI} [END,NE,R=permanent]

<Directory "/var/www/loschool/public">
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride All
Require all granted

[root@fedora ~]# cat /etc/httpd/conf.d/vhost-le-ssl.conf

<VirtualHost *:443>
DocumentRoot "/var/www/loschool/public"
ServerName www.loschool.page
ServerAdmin laurent.delacre@indloverval.be
ErrorLog "logs/myproject-error_log"
CustomLog "logs/myproject-access_log" common
Include /etc/letsencrypt/options-ssl-apache.conf
SSLCertificateFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/www.loschool.page/fullchain.pem
SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/www.loschool.page/privkey.pem


[root@fedora ~]#

When I try to access my site (https://www.loschool.page), Chrome/Firefox blocks the connexion. The site www.sslabs.com says that the domain name is Fedora in SSL certificate ! How to change it to www.loschool.page ? Is it a bug in certbot ?
SSL Server Test: www.loschool.page (Powered by Qualys SSL Labs)

Thank you for your help !

1 Like

Welcome to the community @laurentdelacre

I don't see an obvious problem with the parts of the config you show.

Can you show us the result of this command?

httpd -t -D DUMP_VHOSTS
7 Likes

Thank you for your reply. Here's the result:
[root@fedora ~]# httpd -t -D DUMP_VHOSTS
VirtualHost configuration:
*:443 is a NameVirtualHost
default server www.loschool.page (/etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf:56)
port 443 namevhost www.loschool.page (/etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf:56)
port 443 namevhost www.loschool.page (/etc/httpd/conf.d/vhost-le-ssl.conf:2)
*:80 www.loschool.page (/etc/httpd/conf.d/vhost.conf:1)
[root@fedora ~]#

1 Like

You have 2 VirtualHosts with the same domain name. Can you show this one too?

/etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf
8 Likes

Here's:

#
# When we also provide SSL we have to listen to the 
# standard HTTPS port in addition.
#
Listen 443 https

##
##  SSL Global Context
##
##  All SSL configuration in this context applies both to
##  the main server and all SSL-enabled virtual hosts.
##

#   Pass Phrase Dialog:
#   Configure the pass phrase gathering process.
#   The filtering dialog program (`builtin' is a internal
#   terminal dialog) has to provide the pass phrase on stdout.
SSLPassPhraseDialog exec:/usr/libexec/httpd-ssl-pass-dialog

#   Inter-Process Session Cache:
#   Configure the SSL Session Cache: First the mechanism 
#   to use and second the expiring timeout (in seconds).
SSLSessionCache         shmcb:/run/httpd/sslcache(512000)
SSLSessionCacheTimeout  300

#   Pseudo Random Number Generator (PRNG):
#   Configure one or more sources to seed the PRNG of the 
#   SSL library. The seed data should be of good random quality.
#   WARNING! On some platforms /dev/random blocks if not enough entropy
#   is available. This means you then cannot use the /dev/random device
#   because it would lead to very long connection times (as long as
#   it requires to make more entropy available). But usually those
#   platforms additionally provide a /dev/urandom device which doesn't
#   block. So, if available, use this one instead. Read the mod_ssl User
#   Manual for more details.
SSLRandomSeed startup file:/dev/urandom  256
SSLRandomSeed connect builtin
#SSLRandomSeed startup file:/dev/random  512
#SSLRandomSeed connect file:/dev/random  512
#SSLRandomSeed connect file:/dev/urandom 512

#
# Use "SSLCryptoDevice" to enable any supported hardware
# accelerators. Use "openssl engine -v" to list supported
# engine names.  NOTE: If you enable an accelerator and the
# server does not start, consult the error logs and ensure
# your accelerator is functioning properly. 
#
SSLCryptoDevice builtin
#SSLCryptoDevice ubsec

##
## SSL Virtual Host Context
##

<VirtualHost _default_:443>

# General setup for the virtual host, inherited from global configuration
#DocumentRoot "/var/www/html"
#ServerName www.example.com:443

# Use separate log files for the SSL virtual host; note that LogLevel
# is not inherited from httpd.conf.
ErrorLog logs/ssl_error_log
TransferLog logs/ssl_access_log
LogLevel warn

#   SSL Engine Switch:
#   Enable/Disable SSL for this virtual host.
SSLEngine on

#   List the protocol versions which clients are allowed to connect with.
#   The OpenSSL system profile is configured by default.  See
#   update-crypto-policies(8) for more details.
#SSLProtocol all -SSLv3
#SSLProxyProtocol all -SSLv3

#   User agents such as web browsers are not configured for the user's
#   own preference of either security or performance, therefore this
#   must be the prerogative of the web server administrator who manages
#   cpu load versus confidentiality, so enforce the server's cipher order.
SSLHonorCipherOrder on

#   SSL Cipher Suite:
#   List the ciphers that the client is permitted to negotiate.
#   See the mod_ssl documentation for a complete list.
#   The OpenSSL system profile is configured by default.  See
#   update-crypto-policies(8) for more details.
SSLCipherSuite PROFILE=SYSTEM
SSLProxyCipherSuite PROFILE=SYSTEM

#   Point SSLCertificateFile at a PEM encoded certificate.  If
#   the certificate is encrypted, then you will be prompted for a
#   pass phrase.  Note that restarting httpd will prompt again.  Keep
#   in mind that if you have both an RSA and a DSA certificate you
#   can configure both in parallel (to also allow the use of DSA
#   ciphers, etc.)
#   Some ECC cipher suites (http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4492.txt)
#   require an ECC certificate which can also be configured in
#   parallel.
SSLCertificateFile /etc/pki/tls/certs/localhost.crt

#   Server Private Key:
#   If the key is not combined with the certificate, use this
#   directive to point at the key file.  Keep in mind that if
#   you've both a RSA and a DSA private key you can configure
#   both in parallel (to also allow the use of DSA ciphers, etc.)
#   ECC keys, when in use, can also be configured in parallel
SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/pki/tls/private/localhost.key

#   Server Certificate Chain:
#   Point SSLCertificateChainFile at a file containing the
#   concatenation of PEM encoded CA certificates which form the
#   certificate chain for the server certificate. Alternatively
#   the referenced file can be the same as SSLCertificateFile
#   when the CA certificates are directly appended to the server
#   certificate for convenience.
#SSLCertificateChainFile /etc/pki/tls/certs/server-chain.crt

#   Certificate Authority (CA):
#   Set the CA certificate verification path where to find CA
#   certificates for client authentication or alternatively one
#   huge file containing all of them (file must be PEM encoded)
#SSLCACertificateFile /etc/pki/tls/certs/ca-bundle.crt

#   Client Authentication (Type):
#   Client certificate verification type and depth.  Types are
#   none, optional, require and optional_no_ca.  Depth is a
#   number which specifies how deeply to verify the certificate
#   issuer chain before deciding the certificate is not valid.
#SSLVerifyClient require
#SSLVerifyDepth  10

#   Access Control:
#   With SSLRequire you can do per-directory access control based
#   on arbitrary complex boolean expressions containing server
#   variable checks and other lookup directives.  The syntax is a
#   mixture between C and Perl.  See the mod_ssl documentation
#   for more details.
#<Location />
#SSLRequire (    %{SSL_CIPHER} !~ m/^(EXP|NULL)/ \
#            and %{SSL_CLIENT_S_DN_O} eq "Snake Oil, Ltd." \
#            and %{SSL_CLIENT_S_DN_OU} in {"Staff", "CA", "Dev"} \
#            and %{TIME_WDAY} >= 1 and %{TIME_WDAY} <= 5 \
#            and %{TIME_HOUR} >= 8 and %{TIME_HOUR} <= 20       ) \
#           or %{REMOTE_ADDR} =~ m/^192\.76\.162\.[0-9]+$/
#</Location>

#   SSL Engine Options:
#   Set various options for the SSL engine.
#   o FakeBasicAuth:
#     Translate the client X.509 into a Basic Authorisation.  This means that
#     the standard Auth/DBMAuth methods can be used for access control.  The
#     user name is the `one line' version of the client's X.509 certificate.
#     Note that no password is obtained from the user. Every entry in the user
#     file needs this password: `xxj31ZMTZzkVA'.
#   o ExportCertData:
#     This exports two additional environment variables: SSL_CLIENT_CERT and
#     SSL_SERVER_CERT. These contain the PEM-encoded certificates of the
#     server (always existing) and the client (only existing when client
#     authentication is used). This can be used to import the certificates
#     into CGI scripts.
#   o StdEnvVars:
#     This exports the standard SSL/TLS related `SSL_*' environment variables.
#     Per default this exportation is switched off for performance reasons,
#     because the extraction step is an expensive operation and is usually
#     useless for serving static content. So one usually enables the
#     exportation for CGI and SSI requests only.
#   o StrictRequire:
#     This denies access when "SSLRequireSSL" or "SSLRequire" applied even
#     under a "Satisfy any" situation, i.e. when it applies access is denied
#     and no other module can change it.
#   o OptRenegotiate:
#     This enables optimized SSL connection renegotiation handling when SSL
#     directives are used in per-directory context. 
#SSLOptions +FakeBasicAuth +ExportCertData +StrictRequire
<FilesMatch "\.(cgi|shtml|phtml|php)$">
    SSLOptions +StdEnvVars
</FilesMatch>
<Directory "/var/www/cgi-bin">
    SSLOptions +StdEnvVars
</Directory>

#   SSL Protocol Adjustments:
#   The safe and default but still SSL/TLS standard compliant shutdown
#   approach is that mod_ssl sends the close notify alert but doesn't wait for
#   the close notify alert from client. When you need a different shutdown
#   approach you can use one of the following variables:
#   o ssl-unclean-shutdown:
#     This forces an unclean shutdown when the connection is closed, i.e. no
#     SSL close notify alert is sent or allowed to be received.  This violates
#     the SSL/TLS standard but is needed for some brain-dead browsers. Use
#     this when you receive I/O errors because of the standard approach where
#     mod_ssl sends the close notify alert.
#   o ssl-accurate-shutdown:
#     This forces an accurate shutdown when the connection is closed, i.e. a
#     SSL close notify alert is sent and mod_ssl waits for the close notify
#     alert of the client. This is 100% SSL/TLS standard compliant, but in
#     practice often causes hanging connections with brain-dead browsers. Use
#     this only for browsers where you know that their SSL implementation
#     works correctly. 
#   Notice: Most problems of broken clients are also related to the HTTP
#   keep-alive facility, so you usually additionally want to disable
#   keep-alive for those clients, too. Use variable "nokeepalive" for this.
#   Similarly, one has to force some clients to use HTTP/1.0 to workaround
#   their broken HTTP/1.1 implementation. Use variables "downgrade-1.0" and
#   "force-response-1.0" for this.
BrowserMatch "MSIE [2-5]" \
         nokeepalive ssl-unclean-shutdown \
         downgrade-1.0 force-response-1.0

#   Per-Server Logging:
#   The home of a custom SSL log file. Use this when you want a
#   compact non-error SSL logfile on a virtual host basis.
CustomLog logs/ssl_request_log \
          "%t %h %{SSL_PROTOCOL}x %{SSL_CIPHER}x \"%r\" %b"

</VirtualHost>

[root@fedora ~]#```
1 Like

Something looks like it is missing from that file. Maybe it was lost by formatting. Can you add 3 backtick characters before and after the contents of the file? Like this

```
file contents
```

Also, can you show result of this?

curl -4 http://ifconfig.co
8 Likes

[root@fedora ~]# curl -4 http://ifconfig.co
212.166.13.172
[root@fedora ~]#

1 Like

It looks like requests are being handled by your default VirtualHost. To avoid that, try changing the above lines in the ssl.conf file to:

<VirtualHost *:443>

# General setup for the virtual host, inherited from global configuration
#DocumentRoot "/var/www/html"

ServerName temp.loschool.page

Restart Apache and show this again

httpd -t -D DUMP_VHOSTS
8 Likes

I've done the modification:
[root@fedora ~]# httpd -t -D DUMP_VHOSTS
VirtualHost configuration:
*:443 is a NameVirtualHost
default server temp.loschool.page (/etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf:56)
port 443 namevhost temp.loschool.page (/etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf:56)
port 443 namevhost www.loschool.page (/etc/httpd/conf.d/vhost-le-ssl.conf:2)
*:80 www.loschool.page (/etc/httpd/conf.d/vhost.conf:1)
[root@fedora ~]#

Great. It looks to be working now. Do you agree?

7 Likes

Yes, it works ! Thank you very much !

3 Likes

For future reference and others finding this thread perhaps using a search engine:

Please don't "Renew & replace the certificate" if the current certificate is just fine and the issue is with the webserver. You can check the certificates known in Certbot using certbot certificates. If the certificate you see is the correct one, there is absolutely no need to renew it, but you need to look for other causes, such as webserver configuration.

9 Likes

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