Getting error on trying to obtain new certificate using certbot

Please fill out the fields below so we can help you better. Note: you must provide your domain name to get help. Domain names for issued certificates are all made public in Certificate Transparency logs (e.g. crt.sh | example.com), so withholding your domain name here does not increase secrecy, but only makes it harder for us to provide help.

My domain is:
corvee.dev.icitdev.nl

I ran this command:
certbot certonly --nginx

It produced this output:
Which names would you like to activate HTTPS for?


1: corvee.dev.icitdev.nl


Select the appropriate numbers separated by commas and/or spaces, or leave input
blank to select all options shown (Enter 'c' to cancel): 1
Requesting a certificate for corvee.dev.icitdev.nl
Performing the following challenges:
http-01 challenge for corvee.dev.icitdev.nl
Waiting for verification...
Challenge failed for domain corvee.dev.icitdev.nl
http-01 challenge for corvee.dev.icitdev.nl
Cleaning up challenges
Some challenges have failed.

IMPORTANT NOTES:

My web server is (include version):
nginx/1.18.0

The operating system my web server runs on is (include version):
Ubuntu 20.04.2 LTS

My hosting provider, if applicable, is:

I can login to a root shell on my machine (yes or no, or I don't know):
yes

I'm using a control panel to manage my site (no, or provide the name and version of the control panel):
no

The version of my client is (e.g. output of certbot --version or certbot-auto --version if you're using Certbot):
certbot 1.12.0

1 Like

Hi @Beunhaas13

if you use --nginx and if you see a https result, Certbot doesn't understand your configuration.

What says

nginx -T
3 Likes

Thanks for your response.

nginx -T results:

nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful

configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf:

user www-data;
worker_processes auto;
pid /run/nginx.pid;
include /etc/nginx/modules-enabled/*.conf;

events {
worker_connections 768;
# multi_accept on;
}

http {

##
# Basic Settings
##

sendfile on;
tcp_nopush on;
tcp_nodelay on;
keepalive_timeout 65;
types_hash_max_size 2048;
# server_tokens off;

# server_names_hash_bucket_size 64;
# server_name_in_redirect off;

include /etc/nginx/mime.types;
default_type application/octet-stream;

##
# SSL Settings
##

ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2 TLSv1.3; # Dropping SSLv3, ref: POODLE
ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;

##
# Logging Settings
##

access_log /var/log/nginx/access.log;
error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log;

##
# Gzip Settings
##

gzip on;

# gzip_vary on;
# gzip_proxied any;
# gzip_comp_level 6;
# gzip_buffers 16 8k;
# gzip_http_version 1.1;
# gzip_types text/plain text/css application/json application/javascript text/xml application/xml application/xml+rss text/javascript;

##
# Virtual Host Configs
##

include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;
include /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/*;

}

#mail {

# See sample authentication script at:

# http://wiki.nginx.org/ImapAuthenticateWithApachePhpScript

# auth_http localhost/auth.php;

# pop3_capabilities "TOP" "USER";

# imap_capabilities "IMAP4rev1" "UIDPLUS";

server {

listen localhost:110;

protocol pop3;

proxy on;

}

server {

listen localhost:143;

protocol imap;

proxy on;

}

#}

configuration file /etc/nginx/modules-enabled/50-mod-http-image-filter.conf:

load_module modules/ngx_http_image_filter_module.so;

configuration file /etc/nginx/modules-enabled/50-mod-http-xslt-filter.conf:

load_module modules/ngx_http_xslt_filter_module.so;

configuration file /etc/nginx/modules-enabled/50-mod-mail.conf:

load_module modules/ngx_mail_module.so;

configuration file /etc/nginx/modules-enabled/50-mod-stream.conf:

load_module modules/ngx_stream_module.so;

configuration file /etc/nginx/mime.types:

types {
text/html html htm shtml;
text/css css;
text/xml xml;
image/gif gif;
image/jpeg jpeg jpg;
application/javascript js;
application/atom+xml atom;
application/rss+xml rss;

text/mathml                           mml;
text/plain                            txt;
text/vnd.sun.j2me.app-descriptor      jad;
text/vnd.wap.wml                      wml;
text/x-component                      htc;

image/png                             png;
image/tiff                            tif tiff;
image/vnd.wap.wbmp                    wbmp;
image/x-icon                          ico;
image/x-jng                           jng;
image/x-ms-bmp                        bmp;
image/svg+xml                         svg svgz;
image/webp                            webp;

application/font-woff                 woff;
application/java-archive              jar war ear;
application/json                      json;
application/mac-binhex40              hqx;
application/msword                    doc;
application/pdf                       pdf;
application/postscript                ps eps ai;
application/rtf                       rtf;
application/vnd.apple.mpegurl         m3u8;
application/vnd.ms-excel              xls;
application/vnd.ms-fontobject         eot;
application/vnd.ms-powerpoint         ppt;
application/vnd.wap.wmlc              wmlc;
application/vnd.google-earth.kml+xml  kml;
application/vnd.google-earth.kmz      kmz;
application/x-7z-compressed           7z;
application/x-cocoa                   cco;
application/x-java-archive-diff       jardiff;
application/x-java-jnlp-file          jnlp;
application/x-makeself                run;
application/x-perl                    pl pm;
application/x-pilot                   prc pdb;
application/x-rar-compressed          rar;
application/x-redhat-package-manager  rpm;
application/x-sea                     sea;
application/x-shockwave-flash         swf;
application/x-stuffit                 sit;
application/x-tcl                     tcl tk;
application/x-x509-ca-cert            der pem crt;
application/x-xpinstall               xpi;
application/xhtml+xml                 xhtml;
application/xspf+xml                  xspf;
application/zip                       zip;

application/octet-stream              bin exe dll;
application/octet-stream              deb;
application/octet-stream              dmg;
application/octet-stream              iso img;
application/octet-stream              msi msp msm;

application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document    docx;
application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet          xlsx;
application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation  pptx;

audio/midi                            mid midi kar;
audio/mpeg                            mp3;
audio/ogg                             ogg;
audio/x-m4a                           m4a;
audio/x-realaudio                     ra;

video/3gpp                            3gpp 3gp;
video/mp2t                            ts;
video/mp4                             mp4;
video/mpeg                            mpeg mpg;
video/quicktime                       mov;
video/webm                            webm;
video/x-flv                           flv;
video/x-m4v                           m4v;
video/x-mng                           mng;
video/x-ms-asf                        asx asf;
video/x-ms-wmv                        wmv;
video/x-msvideo                       avi;

}

configuration file /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/corv:

server {
# listen on http (80)
listen 80;
server_name corvee.dev.icitdev.nl;
# redirect to https
return 301 https://corvee.dev.icitdev.nl;
}

server {
real_ip_header X-Forwarded-For;
real_ip_recursive on;

set_real_ip_from 10.0.0.0/8;

# Listen on port https (443)
listen 443 ssl;

ssl on;

ssl_certificate /etc/nginx/ssl/cert.pem;
ssl_certificate_key /etc/nginx/ssl/privkey.pem;

listen 80;

# respond to requests on hostname
server_name corvee.dev.icitdev.nl;
root /data/httpd/corveesysteem/public;
error_log /var/log/nginx/corvee.dev.icitdev.nl-error.log;
access_log /var/log/nginx/corvee.dev.icitdev.nl-access.log;

location / {
    # try to serve file directly, fallback to index.php.php
    try_files $uri /index.php?$args;
}

location ~ /.well-known {
allow all;

}

# Headers
add_header Access-Control-Allow-Origin "*";
add_header Access-Control-Allow-Methods "GET, POST, PUT, DELETE";
add_header Access-Control-Allow-Headers "Authorization,Content-Type,X-Apollo-Tracing";

add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=31536000; includeSubDomains" always;

add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
add_header X-Frame-Options SAMEORIGIN;
if ($request_method = OPTIONS){
        return 200;
}

# Pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server
location ~ \.php(/|$) {
fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock;
    fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.*)$;
    include fastcgi_params;
    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $realpath_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    fastcgi_param DOCUMENT_ROOT $realpath_root;
    fastcgi_read_timeout 300;
    fastcgi_buffers 16 4k;
}
location ~ /\.ht {
    deny all;
}

}

configuration file /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params:

fastcgi_param QUERY_STRING $query_string;
fastcgi_param REQUEST_METHOD $request_method;
fastcgi_param CONTENT_TYPE $content_type;
fastcgi_param CONTENT_LENGTH $content_length;

fastcgi_param SCRIPT_NAME $fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param REQUEST_URI $request_uri;
fastcgi_param DOCUMENT_URI $document_uri;
fastcgi_param DOCUMENT_ROOT $document_root;
fastcgi_param SERVER_PROTOCOL $server_protocol;
fastcgi_param REQUEST_SCHEME $scheme;
fastcgi_param HTTPS $https if_not_empty;

fastcgi_param GATEWAY_INTERFACE CGI/1.1;
fastcgi_param SERVER_SOFTWARE nginx/$nginx_version;

fastcgi_param REMOTE_ADDR $remote_addr;
fastcgi_param REMOTE_PORT $remote_port;
fastcgi_param SERVER_ADDR $server_addr;
fastcgi_param SERVER_PORT $server_port;
fastcgi_param SERVER_NAME $server_name;

PHP only, required if PHP was built with --enable-force-cgi-redirect

fastcgi_param REDIRECT_STATUS 200;

1 Like

There you see the problem:

Two different server blocks with the same server_name.

Merge both in one, every combination port + server_name must be unique.

1 Like

You're right, it worked. Thanks a lot!

3 Likes

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