Www.grahamrmc.com


#41

What version of Apache are you running?
httpd -version


#42

Apache/2.4.6 (CentOS)


#43

Ok that may be right.
SSLCertificateChainFile became obsolete with version 2.4.8


#44

Now you need to have the new file “activated” or “included” in the config.

Please show:
grep -Ei 'include|/etc/' /etc/httpd/*


#45

[root@grmc-web ~]# grep -Ei ‘include|/etc/’ /etc/httpd/*
grep: /etc/httpd/conf: Is a directory
grep: /etc/httpd/conf.d: Is a directory
grep: /etc/httpd/conf.modules.d: Is a directory
grep: /etc/httpd/logs: Is a directory
grep: /etc/httpd/modules: Is a directory
grep: /etc/httpd/run: Is a directory


#46

hmm…
[only directories]

Please show the file:
/etc/httpd/httpd.conf


#47

Here it is, I got a problem starting the httpd service now…

This is the main Apache HTTP server configuration file. It contains the

configuration directives that give the server its instructions.

See URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/ for detailed information.

In particular, see

URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/directives.html

for a discussion of each configuration directive.

Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding

what they do. They’re here only as hints or reminders. If you are unsure

consult the online docs. You have been warned.

Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many

of the server’s control files begin with “/” (or “drive:/” for Win32), the

server will use that explicit path. If the filenames do not begin

with “/”, the value of ServerRoot is prepended – so ‘log/access_log’

with ServerRoot set to ‘/www’ will be interpreted by the

server as ‘/www/log/access_log’, where as ‘/log/access_log’ will be

interpreted as ‘/log/access_log’.

ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server’s

configuration, error, and log files are kept.

Do not add a slash at the end of the directory path. If you point

ServerRoot at a non-local disk, be sure to specify a local disk on the

Mutex directive, if file-based mutexes are used. If you wish to share the

same ServerRoot for multiple httpd daemons, you will need to change at

least PidFile.

ServerRoot “/etc/httpd”

Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or

ports, instead of the default. See also the

directive.

Change this to Listen on specific IP addresses as shown below to

prevent Apache from glomming onto all bound IP addresses.

#Listen 12.34.56.78:80
Listen 80

Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) Support

To be able to use the functionality of a module which was built as a DSO you

have to place corresponding `LoadModule’ lines at this location so the

directives contained in it are actually available before they are used.

Statically compiled modules (those listed by `httpd -l’) do not need

to be loaded here.

Example:

LoadModule foo_module modules/mod_foo.so

Include conf.modules.d/*.conf

If you wish httpd to run as a different user or group, you must run

httpd as root initially and it will switch.

User/Group: The name (or #number) of the user/group to run httpd as.

It is usually good practice to create a dedicated user and group for

running httpd, as with most system services.

User apache
Group apache

‘Main’ server configuration

The directives in this section set up the values used by the ‘main’

server, which responds to any requests that aren’t handled by a

definition. These values also provide defaults for

any containers you may define later in the file.

All of these directives may appear inside containers,

in which case these default settings will be overridden for the

virtual host being defined.

ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be

e-mailed. This address appears on some server-generated pages, such

as error documents. e.g. admin@your-domain.com

ServerAdmin root@localhost

ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify itself.

This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend you specify

it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.

If your host doesn’t have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here.

#ServerName www.example.com:80

Deny access to the entirety of your server’s filesystem. You must

explicitly permit access to web content directories in other

blocks below.

AllowOverride none Require all denied

Note that from this point forward you must specifically allow

particular features to be enabled - so if something’s not working as

you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabled it

below.

DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your

documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but

symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.

DocumentRoot “/var/www/html”

Relax access to content within /var/www.

<Directory “/var/www”>
AllowOverride None
# Allow open access:
Require all granted

Further relax access to the default document root:

<Directory “/var/www/html”>
#
# Possible values for the Options directive are “None”, “All”,
# or any combination of:
# Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
#
# Note that “MultiViews” must be named explicitly — “Options All”
# doesn’t give it to you.
#
# The Options directive is both complicated and important. Please see
# http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/core.html#options
# for more information.
#
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

#
# AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
# It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
#   Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
#
AllowOverride All

#
# Controls who can get stuff from this server.
#
Require all granted

DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory

is requested.

DirectoryIndex index.html index.cgi index.php

The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being

viewed by Web clients.

<Files “.ht*”>
Require all denied

ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.

If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a

container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be

logged here. If you do define an error logfile for a

container, that host’s errors will be logged there and not here.

ErrorLog “logs/error_log”

LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.

Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,

alert, emerg.

LogLevel warn

# # The following directives define some format nicknames for use with # a CustomLog directive (see below). # LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common
<IfModule logio_module>
  # You need to enable mod_logio.c to use %I and %O
  LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" combinedio
</IfModule>

#
# The location and format of the access logfile (Common Logfile Format).
# If you do not define any access logfiles within a <VirtualHost>
# container, they will be logged here.  Contrariwise, if you *do*
# define per-<VirtualHost> access logfiles, transactions will be
# logged therein and *not* in this file.
#
#CustomLog "logs/access_log" common

#
# If you prefer a logfile with access, agent, and referer information
# (Combined Logfile Format) you can use the following directive.
#
CustomLog "logs/access_log" combined
# # Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that used to # exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. The client # will make a new request for the document at its new location. # Example: # Redirect permanent /foo http://www.example.com/bar
#
# Alias: Maps web paths into filesystem paths and is used to
# access content that does not live under the DocumentRoot.
# Example:
# Alias /webpath /full/filesystem/path
#
# If you include a trailing / on /webpath then the server will
# require it to be present in the URL.  You will also likely
# need to provide a <Directory> section to allow access to
# the filesystem path.

#
# ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts. 
# ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that
# documents in the target directory are treated as applications and
# run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the
# client.  The same rules about trailing "/" apply to ScriptAlias
# directives as to Alias.
#
ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/var/www/cgi-bin/"

“/var/www/cgi-bin” should be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased

CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.

<Directory “/var/www/cgi-bin”>
AllowOverride None
Options None
Require all granted

# # TypesConfig points to the file containing the list of mappings from # filename extension to MIME-type. # TypesConfig /etc/mime.types
#
# AddType allows you to add to or override the MIME configuration
# file specified in TypesConfig for specific file types.
#
#AddType application/x-gzip .tgz
#
# AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress
# information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.
#
#AddEncoding x-compress .Z
#AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz
#
# If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you
# probably should define those extensions to indicate media types:
#
AddType application/x-compress .Z
AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz

#
# AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to "handlers":
# actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server
# or added with the Action directive (see below)
#
# To use CGI scripts outside of ScriptAliased directories:
# (You will also need to add "ExecCGI" to the "Options" directive.)
#
#AddHandler cgi-script .cgi

# For type maps (negotiated resources):
#AddHandler type-map var

#
# Filters allow you to process content before it is sent to the client.
#
# To parse .shtml files for server-side includes (SSI):
# (You will also need to add "Includes" to the "Options" directive.)
#
AddType text/html .shtml
AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml

Specify a default charset for all content served; this enables

interpretation of all content as UTF-8 by default. To use the

default browser choice (ISO-8859-1), or to allow the META tags

in HTML content to override this choice, comment out this

directive:

AddDefaultCharset UTF-8

# # The mod_mime_magic module allows the server to use various hints from the # contents of the file itself to determine its type. The MIMEMagicFile # directive tells the module where the hint definitions are located. # MIMEMagicFile conf/magic

Customizable error responses come in three flavors:

1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects

Some examples:

#ErrorDocument 500 “The server made a boo boo.”
#ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
#ErrorDocument 404 “/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl”
#ErrorDocument 402 http://www.example.com/subscription_info.html

EnableMMAP and EnableSendfile: On systems that support it,

memory-mapping or the sendfile syscall may be used to deliver

files. This usually improves server performance, but must

be turned off when serving from networked-mounted

filesystems or if support for these functions is otherwise

broken on your system.

Defaults if commented: EnableMMAP On, EnableSendfile Off

#EnableMMAP off
EnableSendfile on

Supplemental configuration

Load config files in the “/etc/httpd/conf.d” directory, if any.

IncludeOptional conf.d/*.conf

Hide apache information from hackers trying to exploit any vulnerabilities

ServerSignature will remove the version information from the page generated by apache web server.

ServerTokens will change Header to production only, i.e. Apache

ServerTokens Prod
ServerSignature Off

keepalive is ON

KeepAlive On


#48

IT CONTAINS “Include” ! ! !


#49

ok that makes sense that included the SSL.conf file that had ssl configured right for grmc-web.grahamrmc.com


#50

OK.
So you only need to name it
WHATEVER.conf
And place it in the folder:
/etc/httpd/conf.d/

for it to be automatically included in the Apache config.
[requires restart/reload]


#51

It liked this
filename is vhost.conf
<VirtualHost :80>
DocumentRoot /var/www/html
ServerName www.grahamrmc.com
RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} off
RewriteRule ^(.
)$ https://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} [R=301,L]

<VirtualHost :80>
DocumentRoot /var/www/html
ServerName grahamrmc.com
RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} off
RewriteRule ^(.
)$ https://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} [R=301,L]

when I had a file called sslvhost.com with this
<VirtualHost *:443>
DocumentRoot /var/www/html
ServerName www.grahamrmc.com
SSLCertificateFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/grahamrmc.com/cert.pem
SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/grahamrmc.com/privkey.pem
SSLCertificateChainFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/grahamrmc.com/fullchain.pem

<VirtualHost *:443>
DocumentRoot /var/www/html
ServerName grahamrmc.com
SSLCertificateFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/grahamrmc.com/cert.pem
SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/grahamrmc.com/privkey.pem
SSLCertificateChainFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/grahamrmc.com/fullchain.pem

it failed to start httpd service


#52

.com ? ? ?


#53

my bad i meant sslvhost.conf


#55

I don’t see the closing
</VirtualHost>
But I suspect they are there.

Can you show the error message given when it failed to start?

Also, please show the working SSL.CONF file.
Perhaps it also needs…
SSL On
SSLEngine On
[or something like that]


#56

[Thu Feb 07 23:05:17.505046 2019] [ssl:emerg] [pid 11476] AH01910: Oops, no RSA, DSA or ECC server certificate found for ‘grahamrmc.com:0’?!
[Thu Feb 07 23:05:17.505068 2019] [ssl:emerg] [pid 11476] AH02312: Fatal error initialising mod_ssl, exiting.
[Thu Feb 07 23:05:21.560407 2019] [core:notice] [pid 11487] SELinux policy enabled; httpd running as context system_u:system_r:kernel_t:s0
[Thu Feb 07 23:05:21.563745 2019] [suexec:notice] [pid 11487] AH01232: suEXEC mechanism enabled (wrapper: /usr/sbin/suexec)
[Thu Feb 07 23:05:21.566654 2019] [ssl:emerg] [pid 11487] AH01910: Oops, no RSA, DSA or ECC server certificate found for ‘grahamrmc.com:0’?!
[Thu Feb 07 23:05:21.566697 2019] [ssl:emerg] [pid 11487] AH02312: Fatal error initialising mod_ssl, exiting.
[Thu Feb 07 23:06:12.833447 2019] [core:notice] [pid 11498] SELinux policy enabled; httpd running as context system_u:system_r:kernel_t:s0
[Thu Feb 07 23:06:12.836845 2019] [suexec:notice] [pid 11498] AH01232: suEXEC mechanism enabled (wrapper: /usr/sbin/suexec)
[Thu Feb 07 23:06:12.839798 2019] [ssl:emerg] [pid 11498] AH01910: Oops, no RSA, DSA or ECC server certificate found for ‘grahamrmc.com:0’?!
[Thu Feb 07 23:06:12.839838 2019] [ssl:emerg] [pid 11498] AH02312: Fatal error initialising mod_ssl, exiting.
[Thu Feb 07 23:06:35.768019 2019] [core:notice] [pid 11510] SELinux policy enabled; httpd running as context system_u:system_r:kernel_t:s0
[Thu Feb 07 23:06:35.771844 2019] [suexec:notice] [pid 11510] AH01232: suEXEC mechanism enabled (wrapper: /usr/sbin/suexec)
[Thu Feb 07 23:06:35.775219 2019] [ssl:emerg] [pid 11510] AH01910: Oops, no RSA, DSA or ECC server certificate found for ‘grahamrmc.com:0’?!
[Thu Feb 07 23:06:35.775242 2019] [ssl:emerg] [pid 11510] AH02312: Fatal error initialising mod_ssl, exiting.
[Thu Feb 07 23:13:03.487262 2019] [core:notice] [pid 11531] SELinux policy enabled; httpd running as context system_u:system_r:kernel_t:s0
[Thu Feb 07 23:13:03.490138 2019] [suexec:notice] [pid 11531] AH01232: suEXEC mechanism enabled (wrapper: /usr/sbin/suexec)
[Thu Feb 07 23:13:03.569967 2019] [auth_digest:notice] [pid 11531] AH01757: generating secret for digest authentication …
[Thu Feb 07 23:13:03.571424 2019] [lbmethod_heartbeat:notice] [pid 11531] AH02282: No slotmem from mod_heartmonitor
[Thu Feb 07 23:13:03.692899 2019] [mpm_prefork:notice] [pid 11531] AH00163: Apache/2.4.6 (CentOS) OpenSSL/1.0.2k-fips PHP/7.2.14 configured – resuming normal operations
[Thu Feb 07 23:13:03.693046 2019] [core:notice] [pid 11531] AH00094: Command line: ‘/usr/sbin/httpd -D FOREGROUND’


#57

OK
Try combining them as one:

<VirtualHost *:443>
DocumentRoot /var/www/html
ServerName grahamrmc.com
ServerAlias www.grahamrmc.com
SSLCertificateFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/grahamrmc.com/cert.pem
SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/grahamrmc.com/privkey.pem
SSLCertificateChainFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/grahamrmc.com/fullchain.pem
</VirtualHost>

And also, please show the working SSL.CONF file.


#58

The ServerName is grmc-web.grahamrmc.com

Oh maybe I need to enter

ServerAlias graham.com www.grahamrmc.com

grabbing that file now


#59

When we also provide SSL we have to listen to the

the HTTPS port in addition.

Listen 443 https

SSL Global Context

All SSL configuration in this context applies both to

the main server and all SSL-enabled virtual hosts.

Pass Phrase Dialog:

Configure the pass phrase gathering process.

The filtering dialog program (`builtin’ is a internal

terminal dialog) has to provide the pass phrase on stdout.

SSLPassPhraseDialog exec:/usr/libexec/httpd-ssl-pass-dialog

Inter-Process Session Cache:

Configure the SSL Session Cache: First the mechanism

to use and second the expiring timeout (in seconds).

SSLSessionCache shmcb:/run/httpd/sslcache(512000)
SSLSessionCacheTimeout 300

Pseudo Random Number Generator (PRNG):

Configure one or more sources to seed the PRNG of the

SSL library. The seed data should be of good random quality.

WARNING! On some platforms /dev/random blocks if not enough entropy

is available. This means you then cannot use the /dev/random device

because it would lead to very long connection times (as long as

it requires to make more entropy available). But usually those

platforms additionally provide a /dev/urandom device which doesn’t

block. So, if available, use this one instead. Read the mod_ssl User

Manual for more details.

SSLRandomSeed startup file:/dev/urandom 256
SSLRandomSeed connect builtin
#SSLRandomSeed startup file:/dev/random 512
#SSLRandomSeed connect file:/dev/random 512
#SSLRandomSeed connect file:/dev/urandom 512

Use “SSLCryptoDevice” to enable any supported hardware

accelerators. Use “openssl engine -v” to list supported

engine names. NOTE: If you enable an accelerator and the

server does not start, consult the error logs and ensure

your accelerator is functioning properly.

SSLCryptoDevice builtin
#SSLCryptoDevice ubsec

SSL Virtual Host Context

General setup for the virtual host, inherited from global configuration

DocumentRoot “/var/www/html”
ServerName grmc-web.grahamrmc.com:443

Use separate log files for the SSL virtual host; note that LogLevel

is not inherited from httpd.conf.

ErrorLog logs/ssl_error_log
TransferLog logs/ssl_access_log
LogLevel warn

SSL Engine Switch:

Enable/Disable SSL for this virtual host.

SSLEngine on

SSL Protocol support:

List the enable protocol levels with which clients will be able to

connect. Disable SSLv2 access by default:

SSLProtocol all -SSLv2 -SSLv3

SSL Cipher Suite:

List the ciphers that the client is permitted to negotiate.

See the mod_ssl documentation for a complete list.

SSLCipherSuite HIGH:3DES:!aNULL:!MD5:!SEED:!IDEA >>>>orginial config here, adding new on next line

SSLCipherSuite ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:DHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:DHE-DSS-AES128-GCM-SHA256:kEDH+AESGCM:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-SHA256:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-SHA256:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-SHA:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-SHA:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-SHA:DHE-RSA-AES128-SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES128-SHA:DHE-DSS-AES128-SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA256:DHE-DSS-AES256-SHA:DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA:AES128-GCM-SHA256:AES256-GCM-SHA384:AES128-SHA256:AES256-SHA256:AES128-SHA:AES256-SHA:AES:CAMELLIA:DES-CBC3-SHA:!aNULL:!eNULL:!EXPORT:!DES:!RC4:!MD5:!PSK:!aECDH:!EDH-DSS-DES-CBC3-SHA:!EDH-RSA-DES-CBC3-SHA:!KRB5-DES-CBC3-SHA

Disable preloading HSTS in case of issues with CloadFlare

Header always set Strict-Transport-Security “max-age=63072000; includeSubdomains”
Header always set X-Frame-Options DENY
Header always set X-Content-Type-Options nosniff

Speed-optimized SSL Cipher configuration:

If speed is your main concern (on busy HTTPS servers e.g.),

you might want to force clients to specific, performance

optimized ciphers. In this case, prepend those ciphers

to the SSLCipherSuite list, and enable SSLHonorCipherOrder.

Caveat: by giving precedence to RC4-SHA and AES128-SHA

(as in the example below), most connections will no longer

have perfect forward secrecy - if the server’s key is

compromised, captures of past or future traffic must be

considered compromised, too.

#SSLCipherSuite RC4-SHA:AES128-SHA:HIGH:MEDIUM:!aNULL:!MD5
SSLHonorCipherOrder on

Server Certificate:

Point SSLCertificateFile at a PEM encoded certificate. If

the certificate is encrypted, then you will be prompted for a

pass phrase. Note that a kill -HUP will prompt again. A new

certificate can be generated using the genkey(1) command.

#SSLCertificateFile /etc/pki/tls/certs/localhost.crt

SSLCertificateFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/grmc-web.grahamrmc.com/cert.pem

Server Private Key:

If the key is not combined with the certificate, use this

directive to point at the key file. Keep in mind that if

you’ve both a RSA and a DSA private key you can configure

both in parallel (to also allow the use of DSA ciphers, etc.)

#SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/pki/tls/private/localhost.key
SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/grmc-web.grahamrmc.com/privkey.pem

Server Certificate Chain:

Point SSLCertificateChainFile at a file containing the

concatenation of PEM encoded CA certificates which form the

certificate chain for the server certificate. Alternatively

the referenced file can be the same as SSLCertificateFile

when the CA certificates are directly appended to the server

certificate for convinience.

#SSLCertificateChainFile /etc/pki/tls/certs/server-chain.crt
SSLCertificateChainFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/grmc-web.grahamrmc.com/fullchain.pem

Certificate Authority (CA):

Set the CA certificate verification path where to find CA

certificates for client authentication or alternatively one

huge file containing all of them (file must be PEM encoded)

#SSLCACertificateFile /etc/pki/tls/certs/ca-bundle.crt

Client Authentication (Type):

Client certificate verification type and depth. Types are

none, optional, require and optional_no_ca. Depth is a

number which specifies how deeply to verify the certificate

issuer chain before deciding the certificate is not valid.

#SSLVerifyClient require
#SSLVerifyDepth 10

Access Control:

With SSLRequire you can do per-directory access control based

on arbitrary complex boolean expressions containing server

variable checks and other lookup directives. The syntax is a

mixture between C and Perl. See the mod_ssl documentation

for more details.

#
#SSLRequire ( %{SSL_CIPHER} !~ m/^(EXP|NULL)/ \

and %{SSL_CLIENT_S_DN_O} eq “Snake Oil, Ltd.” \

and %{SSL_CLIENT_S_DN_OU} in {“Staff”, “CA”, “Dev”} \

and %{TIME_WDAY} >= 1 and %{TIME_WDAY} <= 5 \

and %{TIME_HOUR} >= 8 and %{TIME_HOUR} <= 20 ) \

or %{REMOTE_ADDR} =~ m/^192.76.162.[0-9]+$/

#

SSL Engine Options:

Set various options for the SSL engine.

o FakeBasicAuth:

Translate the client X.509 into a Basic Authorisation. This means that

the standard Auth/DBMAuth methods can be used for access control. The

user name is the `one line’ version of the client’s X.509 certificate.

Note that no password is obtained from the user. Every entry in the user

file needs this password: `xxj31ZMTZzkVA’.

o ExportCertData:

This exports two additional environment variables: SSL_CLIENT_CERT and

SSL_SERVER_CERT. These contain the PEM-encoded certificates of the

server (always existing) and the client (only existing when client

authentication is used). This can be used to import the certificates

into CGI scripts.

o StdEnvVars:

This exports the standard SSL/TLS related `SSL_*’ environment variables.

Per default this exportation is switched off for performance reasons,

because the extraction step is an expensive operation and is usually

useless for serving static content. So one usually enables the

exportation for CGI and SSI requests only.

o StrictRequire:

This denies access when “SSLRequireSSL” or “SSLRequire” applied even

under a “Satisfy any” situation, i.e. when it applies access is denied

and no other module can change it.

o OptRenegotiate:

This enables optimized SSL connection renegotiation handling when SSL

directives are used in per-directory context.

#SSLOptions +FakeBasicAuth +ExportCertData +StrictRequire
<Files ~ “.(cgi|shtml|phtml|php3?)$”>
SSLOptions +StdEnvVars

<Directory “/var/www/cgi-bin”>
SSLOptions +StrictRequire

SSL Protocol Adjustments:

The safe and default but still SSL/TLS standard compliant shutdown

approach is that mod_ssl sends the close notify alert but doesn’t wait for

the close notify alert from client. When you need a different shutdown

approach you can use one of the following variables:

o ssl-unclean-shutdown:

This forces an unclean shutdown when the connection is closed, i.e. no

SSL close notify alert is send or allowed to received. This violates

the SSL/TLS standard but is needed for some brain-dead browsers. Use

this when you receive I/O errors because of the standard approach where

mod_ssl sends the close notify alert.

o ssl-accurate-shutdown:

This forces an accurate shutdown when the connection is closed, i.e. a

SSL close notify alert is send and mod_ssl waits for the close notify

alert of the client. This is 100% SSL/TLS standard compliant, but in

practice often causes hanging connections with brain-dead browsers. Use

this only for browsers where you know that their SSL implementation

works correctly.

Notice: Most problems of broken clients are also related to the HTTP

keep-alive facility, so you usually additionally want to disable

keep-alive for those clients, too. Use variable “nokeepalive” for this.

Similarly, one has to force some clients to use HTTP/1.0 to workaround

their broken HTTP/1.1 implementation. Use variables “downgrade-1.0” and

“force-response-1.0” for this.

BrowserMatch “MSIE [2-5]”
nokeepalive ssl-unclean-shutdown
downgrade-1.0 force-response-1.0

Per-Server Logging:

The home of a custom SSL log file. Use this when you want a

compact non-error SSL logfile on a virtual host basis.

CustomLog logs/ssl_request_log
“%t %h %{SSL_PROTOCOL}x %{SSL_CIPHER}x “%r” %b”


#60

In review…
This:

Should be:
SSLCertificateChainFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/grahamrmc.com/chain.pem
[fullchain = cert + chain]


#61

Also, don’t use port numbers on names.
[use them on the VirtualHost line only]